Panama Papers: full database of offshore companies published online
International Consortium of Investigative Journalists argues public interest in releasing details of 200,000 entities used in tax avoidance schemes
A group of investigative journalists has published the names of thousands of offshore companies at the heart of the Panama Papers a massive trove of data on the finances of the rich and powerful.
The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists made data on 200,000 entities available on its website on Monday.
The files contain basic corporate information about companies, trusts and foundations set up in 21 jurisdictions including Hong Kong and the US state of Nevada. The data was obtained from Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca, which said it was hacked.
Users can search the data and see the networks involving the offshore companies, including, where available, Mossack Fonsecas internal records of the true owners.
Information and documents on bank accounts, phone numbers and emails have been removed from the database.
Mossack Fonseca said last week it had sent a cease and desist letter to the ICIJ urging the organisation not to publish the database, taking into consideration that it is based on the theft of confidential information.
The ICIJ said it was putting the information online in the public interest as a careful release of basic corporate information, not a data dump, as it builds on an earlier database of offshore entities.
Setting up an offshore company is not by itself illegal or evidence of illegal conduct, and Mossack Fonseca said it observed rules requiring it to identify its clients.
The ICIJ prefaced the database release by noting that the appearance of particular persons and companies on the list did not imply wrongdoing.
But anti-poverty campaigners say shell companies can be used by the wealthy and powerful to shield money from taxation, or to launder the gains from bribery, embezzlement and other forms of corruption. The Group of 20 most powerful economies has agreed that individual governments should make sure authorities can tell who really owns legally registered companies, but implementation in national law has lagged.
The data cache showed offshore holdings of 12 current and former world leaders.
Reports based on the documents quickly led to the resignation of Sigmundur Dav Gunnlaugsson as Icelands prime minister after it was revealed he and his wife had set up a company in the British Virgin Islands that had holdings in Icelands failed banks. The British prime minister, David Cameron, who had campaigned for financial transparency, faced questions about shares he once held in an offshore trust set up by his father. The ICIJ reported that associates of the Russian president, Vladimir Putin, moved some $2bn through such companies. Putins spokesman dismissed the report.